1942 Volkswagen Typ 82
Year of manufacture – 1942
Engine – 4-Zyl.Boxer
Engine capacity – 1,100 cc
Horsepower – 24 hp ( kW)
Full speed – 80 km/h
Kubelwagen was produced against the order of Hitler on the base of VW Beetle, so that to serve in the capacity of mobility in the German army during the Second World War. The construction was completely developed and created by Ferdinand Porsche. VW Kubelwagen has the merits in its simplicity and easiness of mounting and demounting, mechanical reliability, adapted to different military operations both in the desert and in the snow. Just a few out of 55, 000 production units remained after the war. It is the only sample in Portugal.
The prototype of an army tactical vehicle, unified to the maximum according to the mechanical filling of a civil model KdF-Wagen, was developed at the plant Volkswagen in 1938 (the first prototype was designed by F. Porsche as early as in 1936) and got the brand KdF Тур 62 or VW Тур 62. In the same year the first 30 automobiles were assembled. The prototype received a new designation KdF Typ 82 or VW Typ 82 after testing and updating. It was set into a series production from November 1940, and was standardized in Wehrmacht as Kfz.1 (Kraftfahrzeug in German means “an automobile”). The auto distinguished itself from a civil model by a special lightweight open four-door body with flat panels, backside wheel-hub drives, inter-wheel self-locking differential, raised up to 290 mm ground clearance and 16-inch wheels (in the variant for African deserts with a larger tread width).
The body was assembled out of thin tin enhanced lengthwise sheets, had a folding wind screen and a canvas flap. Not only VW Typ 82 was named as Kübelwagen or Kübelsitzwagen. It is a common name for army open vehicles, when projecting which at the initial stage for the good of necessity to lighten and simplify the construction as much as possible, the designers rejected doors or changed them along with the top for canvas ones, and as for seats, for the sake of safety, deep ones – “tubs” (Kübelsitz) were installed. And further even in spite of some differences in constructions as well as presence or absence of seats-“tubs”, the name Kübelwagen was attached to all cars of this type.
VW Typ 82 was employed at all troops of Germany till the end of World War II to remove military personnel, bring up ammunition supplies and fuel, evacuate casualties and as a mobile repair shop. More than 30 modified multipurpose vehicles were created on the base of VW Typ 82.
The 25-horsepower engine with the engine capacity 1130 cc was installed on Kübelwagen in March 1943. All together 50, 435 Kübelwagen were produced till the summer 1945, which made Kfz.1 and its versions the most mass-produced cars in Wehrmacht and SS-troops. The command vehicle VW Typ 82E and the car for SS-troops Typ 92SS with an enclosed body from the prewar KdF-38 (667 units were produced altogether) were also manufactured on the rear-driven chassis of “82” type in 1943-45.Beyond that all-wheel drive command vehicle VW Typ 87 (564 units were manufactured in 1942-44) with transmission from the mass-produced army amphibian VW Typ 166 (Schwimmwagen) were produced (14,283 units were made in 1942-44).